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How Does An Asphalt Mixing Plant Work
An asphalt mixing plant, also known as a hot mix asphalt (HMA) plant, is a facility that manufactures asphalt concrete, which is used in road construction and other paving projects.
An asphalt plant follows a systematic procedure that starts with the addition of the specified amount of cold aggregates and ends with the discharge of the final mix into the waiting truck.
Here's how it typically works:
Step 1: Feeding Cold Aggregates
There are separate bins for the addition of cold aggregates. The particle size of each additive is specified to ensure uniformity in the mixture.
Step 2: Convey of aggregates to the Drying Drum
A conveyor belt is placed below the bins which transfer the material to an inclined conveyor belt. The aggregates are dried and heated in a rotating drum to remove any moisture. This process ensures that the final asphalt mix will adhere properly.
Step 3: Transfer to the Screening System
After passing through the drying drum, the material becomes hot and dry. This material is then transported through an elevator into the screening system.
Step 4: Segregation As Per Size
These materials, in the asphalt plant, are then segregated into different bins based on their size by multiple-layer vibrating screens.
Step 5: Storage in Separate Bins
The materials are then stored in separate bins based on their size below the vibrating screen.
Step 6: Release into the Mixer
This mixture is then released into the mixer in the asphalt plant. The weight released into the mixer is as per the dosing weights set on the control panel. Once the aggregates are dried, they are combined with asphalt cement (bitumen) in the mixing chamber. The asphalt cement is heated and mixed thoroughly with the aggregates to form hot asphalt mix.
Step 7: Additives Released into the Mixer
Simultaneously, bitumen and other mineral fillers are released into the mixer at the specified weight.
Step 8: Discharge of Final Mix
The additives are then processed in the asphalt plant for 20 minutes and then discharged into a truck or silo.
Overall, asphalt plants play a crucial role in producing the materials needed for road construction and maintenance, and they operate efficiently to meet the demands of various projects while adhering to environmental regulations.
For expert advice and more information on asphalt mixing plants or concrete batching plants, welcome you connect with China SINOSUN Machinery --- the professional manufacturer for construction equipment. You can reach out to us by whatsapp or wechat +86-135 2377 6367, Email info@sinosun-group.com. We would be happy to help!

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